A revolutionary initiative ventured into by SVS Aqua Technologies & GEA to ensure that the Cattle are disease free and aiming on increasing the productivity of the milking animals. For years the maintenance of the milk producing animals has been in question and the decline of native Indian breeds due to diseases (Mainly Mastitis) has alarmed the country.
Movements have also sparked riots in the country to save the endangered and promote our own milking cattle. Hence, a complete animal care kit has been made under the brand name of MylChise to take care of this issue at the root level. Somatic Cell Count (A measure of Mastitis in the udder) is a key factor in the productivity of the animals.
The kit contains products that not only make sure that the animal udder is clean but also provides preventive measures for diseases, easy detection of such issues at an early stage, cure and medicine for the animals, bacterial free solutions that do not allow the growth of any unwanted substances, clean milking practices, and the most important one of no adulteration through human hands.
The kit consists of the following solutions to help the farming community make their animal pure and clean –
- MastiCheck & Paddles: MastiCheck is the necessity for any farmer to understand if their animal has mastitis and also understand the impact of high Somatic Cell Count on the milk production. This is essential to understand the condition of your animal and its well-being.
- The use of the MastiCheck on the entire herd at monthly intervals can be extremely useful as an aid in detecting herd mastitis problems.
- Individual and total quarter infections can be determined, and, with proper records, the level of herd mastitis can be monitored.
- This test yields information that can aid in determining faulty milking procedures or equipment function, as well as the effectiveness of teat dips and dry cow treatment programs.
- MastiCheck is fairly accurate in measuring somatic cell concentration in milk, correlating well with other tests.
- It is sensitive. Primarily developed for sampling quarters, it can also be used on "bucket" and "bulk tank" milk samples.
- It is inexpensive.
- The test is simple, and little equipment is needed.
Testing the Milk Samples:
Mylchize Dip Cup:
The entire formulation of the pre and post milking dips is done in this apparatus and this is used to create the solutions that would keep the udder of the cattle clean and prevent mastitis. Pre milking hygiene routine is one of the key factors in producing milk in low Somatic Cell Count.
The ideal teat dip cup should:
- Contain sufficient dip for reasonable efficiency;
- Be squeezable, so dip cup sections can fill completely;
- Have a dip cup diameter and depth that fully covers all teat sizes;
- Be easy to carry and transport when moving from cow to cow;
- Easily come apart for effective cleaning;
- Be easy to slide under the cow and reach the far teats;
- Not spill easily
- Be “non-return”
A unique towel that helps keep your cattle’s teat cleaned before milking and make sure that a soft and clean fabric is used to give comfort and hygiene to your animal.
In the National Mastitis Council’s February 1997 newsletter, Washington State University researchers concluded one of the following three practices were necessary to successfully clean a dairy’s cloth prep towels. Performing two of the three would add an extra margin of safety to ensure sanitized towels:
- hot-air drying
- hot-water washing
VelociTab & Dip Cup:
The animal has been using its own time to scatter the resources of your farm, all this time building on various microorganisms, dust, dirt and other materials on its udder. The pre-dip helps to cleanse and Sanitize the udder of such attractions. Unique Tablet based teat dip, easy to handle and use helps sanitize and clean the teats before milking hence making it the most effective and economical teat dip available as on date.
Pre-dipping is the practice of applying a germicidal solution to the teats before milking machine attachment. It is not a substitute for the other aspects of good pre-milking sanitation. It will help ensure that the udders are clean and dry before machine attachment and will replace the use of an udderwash.
Teat dips are applied to the teats to kill bacteria that become attached to the teats between milkings. It also aids in the removal of small amounts of soil which may be present.
The germicide should be left on the teats for at least 30 seconds. This ensures that the teat dip has adequate contact time. Teat dips require at least this amount of time to effectively kill the bacteria. The practice will not be fully effective if the teat dip is removed too soon after application.
Once the milking is completed, the animal has its teats open for certain period of time and is prone to various infections, microorganism, and other possible entrants into its udder and the teats. The post-dip helps to remove the risk of exposure and maintain the sanctity of the teats and the animals.
Post-milking teat disinfection has been adopted more than 60 years ago as an essential part of mastitis management. The purpose of these products is, first, to disinfect teat skin from contagious pathogens deposited by the teat liners, thereby preventing cross contamination from “cow to cow” during milking. Some studies show that the rate of new intramammary infection can be 50% lower by disinfecting teats with an effective product immediately after every milking compared to no disinfection. The second purpose of post dipping is to protect cows from environmental pathogens encountered post-milking thanks to a “barrier effect.”
As important as the process of cleaning the animal is, the basic resource of the water used to clean the animal and the bacteria that may grow in such water needs attention too. AquaPro helps to ensure clean and pure water that does not attract such bacteria that may lead to diseases based on E-Coli or similar bacteria and provides for the best care.
Water is essential for life and is the nutrient needed by all mammals in the largest quantity. Water is important for various body functions, in temperature control, and in the production of milk. Milk contains 87% water.
Limitations in availability of clean, fresh, and high-quality water can limit milk production quicker than a deficiency in any other nutrient. Water intake also regulates feed intake. Thus, understanding the importance of water and how to effectively manage your dairy feeding system to provide adequate water intake is very important.
The vessels and apparatus we use for the milking processes must be as clean as the pure milk generated itself. Proper care lies not just with the animal but also with the materials used to maintain the animal. Thus, this powder helps to clean the buckets and other utensils used in the milking process.
Your bucket milking machine must be kept clean and sanitary in order to have healthy milk that will keep without spoiling. Clean milking machine components are vital for good udder health of the cow. Cleaning should be done immediately after milking. Do not let the milking machine sit dirty as the milk residues may dry on and then it will be much harder to clean.
Step 1 Warm rinse with 8 liters of warm water. Attach milker units to washer. Fill small sink with 8 liters of 38 degree water. Turn on vaccum supply for 2 cycles of rinsing. Drain sink. Discard this water. Milk rinses best at about the temperature it came from the cow 38 degrees.
Step 2 Hot detergent wash. Fill small sink with 8 or 10 liters of hot water (60 degrees) Add 30 grams of powder dairy detergent. Turn on vacuum supply. Operate for 3 to 5 minutes. Do not let this wash solution drop below 49 degrees. Do NOT run the washer an excessive long time or the wash solution will drop below 49 degrees and it will not clean properly. Drain thoroughly. Catch the wash solution for brush washing lid and bucket
Step 3 Brush wash the bucket and lid in the large sink. You can use the detergent solution from step 2 above. CircoBlue is a very low foaming detergent. Remove the lid gasket and brush wash the bottom of the lid. Rinse with clear water. Hang lid to drip dry. Store bucket upside down on a sanitary rack or hang from a rustproof hanger. Allow all items to drip dry with no water standing.
Rinse all brushes and hang to drip dry. For the longest life of your cleaning brushes, always rinse and hang them to dry after each use. Do not leave brushes 'soaking' in wash solutions.
Unique Copper Sulfate spray ensures that while your animal may walk wherever it feels like, it also gets the proper care and need to avoid any lameness because of an infection caused. The antiseptic properties of this spray avoid any infections that can be caused.
Common Foot Problems
Hard and Soft Feet
Foot infections, abscesses or sole ulcers may stem from cracks that result when feet are too soft or hard. Excessively soft feet are more apt to occur in free stall systems from standing in manure and urine. This may result in heel and sole cracks allowing ulcers, abscesses, or infections to occur.
Excessively hard feet usually occur in tie-stall barns, especially when kiln-dried shavings or sawdust are used for bedding. This may result in cracks at the top of the foot, which may extend down from the hairline and allow infections relatively high in the foot.
A smelly infection of the foot, which generally occurs high between the claws or toes, is referred to as foot rot. This results mainly from an infection caused by the bacterium Fusiformis necrophorus. The organism may buildup in barnyards, exercise lots, mud-holes, and pastures.
Cattle with foot rot show lameness, usually on one leg only. The foot swells above the coronet and the toes spread. Cracks and fissures develop in the interdigital space. There is a characteristic foul-smelling exudate at these fissures. If left untreated, the infection can progress into the joint space or tendon sheath producing permanent damage.
Heel erosions or under-run heels begin at the bulb of the heel. They start out as pits on the surface that can develop into parallel grooves that get filled in with black material and bacteria. The horn can separate at the grooves to form a "flap." A new sole develops underneath and material becomes packed in between the layers.
This condition is usually seen in confined cattle in wet, dirty lots. Overgrown hooves shift the weight toward the heels, exposing the heels to erosion, mostly in the hind claws.
Founder or laminitis can result in long, overgrown and deformed feet or toes. Animals may appear quite lame or stiff and have difficulty in getting up and down.
Hemorrhages can be found in the soles and walls of the feet. Infections, abscesses, or ulcers may occur when foreign material enters places where the wall and sole have separated. The highest incidence of laminitis often occurs during the first 100 days postpartum.
Sole ulcers are raw sores usually occurring on the inner side of the outside claw. It is a bulge of granular-like tissue sticking through the sole. Sole ulcers are usually associated with clinical manifestations of laminitis. A general rule of thumb is that if 10 percent of a herd has documented sole ulcers, the herd should be suspected for laminitis. However, there are other factors that can predispose cows to sole ulcers such as moisture and manure, excessive wear, and poor hoof trimming. Sole ulcers usually occur in both hind legs.
In the past 10 years, digital dermatitis has developed as a serious problem. There are several scientific and common names to characterize the disease. They are heel warts, hairy foot warts, strawberry foot disease, raspberry heel, digital papillomatosis, and Mortellaro disease.
Affected animals have pronounced lameness and spend excessive time lying down. First-calf heifers are often affected, and to a greater degree in the hind feet. There is little to no digital swelling with this disease.